Jet you build with plansThis is a fully throttle capable jet in 20-lb, 40-lb, 80-lb, and 130-lb thrust sizes. Complete plans are in electronic format for instant download and include technical and engineering details, complete assembly instructions and drawings, and 3D electronic models. Plans for the MEG-2X backpack helicopter and a 5-lb jet are included as bonuses (with 3D models in Solidworks). Instant Download Plans include:
- You get All Sizes: 20-lb, 40-lb, 80-lb & 130-lb Thrust Jets Modeled in Rhino
- Plus BONUSES: 5-lb Thrust Jet & MEG-2X Helicopter Modeled in Solidworks
- 2D CAD Drawings
- CAD-Accurate 3D Models
- Complete Assembly Instructions
- Design/Engineering Details
- Where to Get Parts
- Free Viewing Software for 2D & 3D CAD
The dream of personal flight goes back to Icarus, the mythical character who made wings of wax and feathers, then soared too close to the sun. Today the vision is lived out in modern form with machines such as flying platforms, rocket propulsion backpacks, and fixed-wing ultralight aircraft. But the idea of a VTOL machine – a personal ultralight helicopter – holds a special fascination for those of us who are smitten.
When Eugene M. Gluhareff examined the technical challenges of personal flight from his perspective as a helicopter design engineer, it quickly became obvious that the absence of a suitable blade-tip powerplant was the missing ingredient. So he designed his own powerplant specifically for this type of application. Today’s pressure jet engine is the result of some 30 years of refinement. And you can build the engine yourself following the step-by-step instructions in our comprehensive plans package.
The simple design of the Gluhareff Pressure Jet engine is one of the reasons for its huge popularity. The jet is a remarkably simple device made of thin-wall stainless steel tubing and sheet metal. Inside, it contains only a length of coiled steel tubing (the fuel line), which gasifies and super-heats the incoming liquid propane before it is injected at supersonic speed at the top of the intake stack. The engine has no moving parts, yet it is fully throttleable.
One of the most remarkable aspects of the engine is that it works at all. Prior to Mr. Gluhareff’s design, engineers had understood that it was possible to produce thrust by using the energy of pressurized propane to induce the fuel/air mixture. Calculations, however, indicated a maximum thrust of less than 10 pounds, and extremely high specific fuel consumption (fuel consumed per unit of power output). The secret to the success of the Gluhareff Pressure Jet is its sonically tuned intake stack, which results in far greater thrust and far lower specific fuel consumption.
Three intake stages are sized according to the length of the sound waves produced when the engine is running. The sound waves act against the intake stack to create a pumping action that pressurizes the incoming fuel/air mixture. If the intakes are not in tune, the small 20-lb thrust engine, for example, produces less than ten pounds of thrust. The fish-mouth cut at the rear of the tailpipe reduces noise and increases thrust.
Building the jet requires some sheet metal forming, but much of it can be assembled from stock materials. For example, the exhaust pipe, combustion chamber, and fuel lines are cut from thin-wall stainless steel tubing. The intake stages, the diffuser skirt that blends the final intake stage into the combustion chamber, and the transition piece between the combustion chamber and the exhaust pipe are hand formed. You can spin the nose cone on an ordinary home workshop woodworking lathe. By doing the fabricating and welding yourself, total building costs can be held to little more than the cost of the sheet metal, tubing, and fittings.
About the Inventor
Eugene M. Gluhareff was a graduate Aeronautical Engineer from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York. He was a key figure in the history of the helicopter almost from its inception, working directly under Igor I. Sikorsky and side-by-side with Igor A. Sikorsky, Chief of Aeronautics at Sikorsky Aircraft Corp.
In addition to producing many conventional helicopter designs, he also pioneered the single-bladed rotor system, and invented the Kerosene Fueled Valveless Pulse Jet engine, which was used to power the world’s first single-bladed one-man helicopter (also of his design). Later he developed a Delta-Wing Convertiplane for the USAF, which utilized a foldable single-blade rotor with a blade-tip cold-jet power system. He was Project Engineer on the Top Sergeant pulse-jet powered helicopter, and developed the XH-26 one-man tip jet powered helicopter for the USAF.
In the early 1960’s, Mr. Gluhareff developed rotary wing drones for the U.S. Navy. After joining Douglas Aircraft Co. in 1963, he worked as Design Engineer Scientist on the Saturn Rocket and was in charge of the sequence of events from firing to parking orbit on subsequent launchings. Following the Saturn program, he became Specialist in the design of Rocket Stabilization Systems for ejection seats and space capsules. In 1972, he established EMG Engineering in Gardena, California, where he continued the development of the propane-fueled pressure jet engine featured here. Building this remarkable jet engine will be a gratifying and inexpensive way of owning an important piece of aviation history.
About the Plans
This plan-set is based on Mr. Gluhareff’s original drawings, technical documents, hand-written construction notes, and photographs. Engineering/theoretical information in the manual was taken from the Technical Handbook provided by Mr. Gluhareff with the GTS-15 Teaching Stand, which has been used by universities to teach the principles of jet engine operation. The step-by-step construction procedures in the manual, which runs in a web browser, were derived from Mr. Gluhareff’s professional notes, drawings and photos showing the various procedures used to hand-build engines in his workshop. Previously unpublished photographs in the manual let you look over the shoulders of one of Mr. Gluhareff’s craftsmen and see the engine at various stages of construction as it’s being assembled.
Conventional 2D drawings are included in both PDF and CAD formats. IGES files on the disc give your machinist the the ability to make quick work of the injection nozzle. Native 3D files allow for importing.
With this plan-set, you receive the only authorized and updated work available of Mr. Gluhareff’s designs. Complete plans are provided in this download. The program runs in a web browser and you navigate just like you would navigate through a website on the Internet. Links to online vendors and videos on helicopter design practices are provided. If desired you can print the 2D drawings from the PDF files, or take the files to a printshop and have them printed out.
Bonuses You Will Receive
You will receive two bonuses with your new plan-set, including an easy-to-build 5-lb thrust engine for desktop demonstration and plans for the MEG-2X experimental backpack helicopter. Both of these items have been modeled in 3D CAD. Neither of these plan-sets have been offered before now. As an aid to those that would like to experiment with ultralight helicopters, the disc includes links to 13 in-depth seminars on helicopter aerodynamics, design, and operation. Although the plans are mainly about the pressure jet engine itself, rotary wing enthusiasts will find the package a virtual gold mine of information. 3D CAD models and drawings can be viewed on your computer without having to purchase the native software. The viewer lets you rotate, pan, make section views, take dimensions, and make parts transparent so you can see what’s underneath. It creates a whole new depth of understanding about how the items are built and how they work.
There is nothing like the 3D CAD experience to get youngsters motivated about the computer aided design and the engineering professions. And there is nothing as effective as these modern technologies to assist in the actual building process. The educational community calls it “project-based learning”, and it’s a powerful way to engage participants – professors and students alike. If you want to spark enthusiasm in a youngster, work with him or her in building an exciting and serious project like a jet engine. It will absolutely transform the impact of the experience, and you will be teaching things you may not even know you are teaching – project management and funding, computer aided design, the relationship of effort to reward, as well as actual mechanical and fabrication skills. And as a DIY enthusiast, it will transform your experience as well. You will learn things like the relation of thrust to the fuel’s energy and the design of the engine, and how a reaction motor’s thrust translates into horsepower or kilowatts. Universities have used the G8-2 jet to teach physics because it captivates students’ interest, and it serves as a simple model for the physics of converting fuel into power. Details and equations are in the manual. Click on the image to the right to see a sample page taken from the beginning of the technical discussion in the manual. (If the large image is unclear, your browser may have resized it to fit your monitor. Displaying it full size will give better results.)
Cory Waxman, a professor at Bioscience High School in Phoenix, has created a school-wide sustainable transportation program around our XR3 Hybrid three-wheeled vehicle. Click on the following link for a brief article by Mr. Waxman on how this hands-on project is transforming the learning experience for students: Project Based Learning
Although it uses the XR3 Hybrid as an example, and certain features may not apply to this project (like decals and the ability to do 3D printing), here’s a general overview of our CAD-based plan-sets: Advanced CAD-based plan-sets. For this presentation, the 5-lb jet and MEG-2X helicopter were done in Solidworks. The other jets, 20-lb through 130-lb, were done in Rhino. Native files are on the disc, plus in a format that can be viewed on your computer with a free viewer, without having the native CAD program.